Thursday, February 27, 2020
The artefact is from Nigeria's south-western Ife city, famous for works depicting royalty and deities of the once-powerful Yoruba kingdom.
The sculpture is of a man sitting cross-legged, wearing a head dress and holding an object.
Customs officers seized it at the main airport in Mexico City.
"A beautiful bronze piece, and being of Nigerian heritage, it should return to its home," said Diego Prietoa, the head of Mexico's National Institute of Anthropology and History.
The institute verified that the sculpture was of Yoruba origin, and it has been handed to Nigeria's ambassador to Mexico, Aminu Iyaw.
Mexico's foreign ministry said the artefact had been illegally exported.
"We oppose the illegal commercialisation of archaeological pieces, an important cause of the impoverishment of the cultural heritage of the nations of origin, since it undermines the integrity of cultures and, therefore, of humanity," said Julián Ventura Valero, the deputy secretary of foreign affairs.
Officials did not give details about who was behind the attempt to smuggle the sculpture into Mexico, or its exact origins.